The collectors world has its own vocabulary which needs an explanation now and then ... (in alphabetical order)
Used for vinyl singles. Contains title track on the a-side and bonus track or tracks on the b-side. European 7"s usually come with picture sleeve. Most US and UK single were released without picture sleeve.
Record of the same size as an LP but actually an alternative single release, mostly at 45rpm. Contains extended versions and more bonus tracks than a similar 7". Got popular at the end of the '70s. The first Pink Floyd related 12" is There's No Way Out Of Here by David Gilmour in 1978.
Issue before the actual street date of a release, distributed for promotional reasons. In many cases advance releases have different more standard artwork since the commercial artwork may not be ready. Sometimes advance releases use of rough or demo versions, turning them into an instant collectible.
Non VHS video encoding system. Can not be used on any VHS-PAL or VHS-NTSC systems.
Book Clubs also carried LPs in their catalogs, which had special catalog numbers and often the imprint "Club Edition". Most Book Club releases come from Germany.
A thick paper CD sleeve in which the disc can be placed. Similar to a conventional LP sleeve. Sometimes comes in a gatefold fashion.
Single on CD format, based upon a track that is intended to promo an album. Most CD Singles also included remixes or tracks not available on the original album such as demo versions, live versions or extended version. CD Singles are mostly pressed on the regular 5inch format. Some early CD Singles were pressed on the 3inch format.
A digital CD-sized format kind of video that had its fame during the late '80s and early '90s. CD Videos are out of print since and can be played on most DVD players.
A collection of songs from one artist. An example is Relics.
With the introduction of the CD, titles were not pressed in each country but in centralized pressing plants. This means that the country of origin depends on the record label it is released on. European EMI releases were pressed in UK (having the "EMI Swindon" matrix imprint) and The Netherlands (having the "NL" matrix imprint). European Columbia/Sony/Epic releases come from Austria, where Warner/Atlantic releases are made in Germany.
Cut in the CD or LP sleeve to denote it is intentioned for overstock sale. Of a lesser value than a non cut-out release since sleeves may be damaged badly by the process.
Item that is no longer in print.
A sleeve with a custom cut area or hole, usually intended to reveal a picture disc, coloured vinyl disc or the label, without having to remove it from the sleeve. An example is the US picture disc of Dark Side Of The Moon.
A folding cardboard CD sleeve into which is glued a plastic tray that holds the disc.
Format for storing digital sound. The following codes are currently used for DVDs: Dolby Digital 1.0 (mono), Dolby Digital 2.0 (left and right), Dolby Digital 4.0 (left, right, left surround, right surround), Dolby Digital 4.1 (left, right, left surround, right surround, subwoofer), Dolby Digital 5.1. (left, right, left surround, right surround, center), Dolby Digital 5.1. (left, right, left surround, right surround, center, subwoofer).
A set of two CD or vinyl discs. The term is usually associated with limited or promotional double 12" releases issued for DJ purposes, double 7" single sets or two part CD singles.
New standard voor audiovisual arts. Contrary to the large laserdisc, it has the same size as a regular CD but has a much larger capacity. DVDs of releases previously available on Video format do have extras in most cases. As with videos and laserdiscs, a DVD is encoded for a special region. No more NTSC, SECAM or PAL formats, but Regions. Region 0: All areas of the world, playing on every DVD player. Region 1: Canada and USA. Region 2: Japan, Europe, South Africa, Middle East. Region 3: South East Asia, East Asia, Hong Kong. Region 4: Australia, New Zealand, Pacific Islands, Central America, Mexico, South America, Caribbean. Region 5: Former Soviet Union, Indian Subcontinent, Africa, North Korea, Mongolia. Region 6: China.
DVD that only has an audio aspect in the same quality as a regular DVD, comparable to a Super Audio CD.
Item that has been pressed in country A for release in country B.
Type of sleeve with both sides of the sleeve are glued by placing the small band on the outside of the back sleeve. A method commonly used until 1969, but also on later UK releases, especially for 7" and 12" records.
Sleeve for an LP and sometimes a 7" that opens up. In some cases LPs that were originally released with a gatefold sleeve came with single sleeves for reissues. An example is the UK pink vinyl 7" of One Slip.
LP-sized thin paper sleeve to protect the record from scratching. Many records come with custom innerbags which have lyrics and information printed on them.
Thicker plastic case to identify CD Albums from CD Singles. Commercial CD Albums mostly have a back inlay and a booklet at the front.
Forerunner of the DVD, a 12" sized video disc with analogue picture.
Item that has a set number of copies print. Mostly also numbered.
Stands for "Long Playing". Used to denote a 33rpm vinyl album.
LP-sized one-sided or two-sided custom print paper that has the lyrics of the songs on a record.
The number or numbers in the run-off groove of a record or around the centre ring on the playing side of a compact disc. Identifies a particular pressing from other pressings of the same item.
Type of sleeve used in many semi-official Korean LP releases where the design of the cover is printed in one colour.
Video encoding system for Japanese and US videos and laserdiscs. Can not be used on PAL systems.
Also called "Banderole". Paper strap on Japanese LPs and CDs to inform the japanese customer on the item, mostly with tracklisting, price, date of release and sometimes a photo.
Video encoding system for European videos and laserdiscs. Can not be used on NTSC systems.
Record with a picture pressed with the vinyl. The picture is actually a piece of printed paper that is cover by a final layer of clear vinyl wax. Quality may be of a lesser kind than regular releases. Also used for CDs, mainly used in the beginning where a full-colour print on the disc was rarely seen.
A printed flat paper or card insert placed in front or behind a disc and housed in a plastic sleeve or case. Picture discs sometime come with a printed backing card and most Japanese 7" singles have a picture insert rather than a printed pocket sleeve.
Artwork for a release. Custom refers to artwork specially designed for a certain release. May contain photos, images and/or lettering. Also used on this catalog to denote the booklet/insert in a jewel case of slimcase.
Non commercial release for marketing and promotional purposes. There are various types of promos. The most desirable ones come with an imprint on the label, an imprint on the sleeve, or even with a totally unique sleeve. US releases sometimes only have a gold promo stamp on the back. The least interesting type of promo is the CD version where a pinhole is found in the sleeve. Not to be confused with cut-out.
Quality annotations are given for both the disc and the sleeve. We use the following quality indications. M: Mint, unused. EX: Excellent, used but in perfect condition, only minor flaws or hairlines on the vinyl. VG: Very Good, used but in fine condition, record may have scratches but plays fine, sleeve may have folds or small writings. G: Good, far from perfect but still playbale, sleeve may have wear, missing parts or writings. The addition "+" and "-" denotes a more precise grading of the above.
Complete radio program including jingles and commercial pressed on LP or CD. Intended to be sent to radio station for broadcast. Often with exclusive interviews and live tracks. Many shows were recorded officially for radio show broadcast. Limited to a few hundred copies only. Come with cue-sheet(s), a transcipt of the program with information.
CD that has a sound similar to DVDs, mostly Dolby Digital 5.1. A hybrid SA CD is a Super Audio CD that has an extra layer so that it can also be played on conventional CD players.
A collection of songs from various artists. An example is Picnic - A Breathe Of Fresh Air.
Video encoding system for French videos and laserdiscs. Can be used on PAL systems, but plays videos and laserdiscs in black and white.
Record with a picture pressed with the vinyl and then cut to a certain shape of the image. An example is the radio shaped Love On The Air single from 1984.
Smaller plastic case to identify CD Singles from CD Albums. Commercial CD Singles mostly have a one-sided picture insert.
Eastern Europe didn't have a free music market until 1989. Records were pressed by state controlled companies. Examples are Amiga for Eastern Germany, Jugoton for Yugoslavia, Balkanton for Bulgaria, Supraphon for Czechoslovakia and Melodia for the Soviet Union.
Promotional device stuck on the front cover of an LP or CD. In Pink Floyd's case many stickers were used with the word "Pink Floyd" since no mention of the band was made on many albums. Stickers were also used to inform the buyer on the hits to be found on a certain record.
Issue before the actual street date of a release. Like advance releases sometimes with rough or demo versions, turning them into an instant collectible. Unlike advance releases, test pressings were mostly produce to check out the quality of the pressing. Since they could be produced in very small quantities, they were sometimes sent to a selected number of high profile media. Often with handwritten or white labels.
A release with songs by Pink Floyd and/or its members have been performed by other artists. An example is Dark Globe by R.E.M.
UNCUT SHAPE DISC
Record with a picture pressed with the vinyl and then designed to be cut to a certain shape of the image. This however did not take place for some reason, often promotional. Records not intended to be on the market and therefor highly collectable.
Non VHS video encoding system. Can not be used on any VHS-PAL or VHS-NTSC systems.
Commercial or promotional release that was taken out of circulation for various reason, such as legal matters, mistakes in pressing. An example is the '97 Vinyl Collection which came out on 130 grams vinyl while it was intended at 180 grams vinyl and subsequently withdrawn.